Climate data for Malé (1981–2010)
|Average high °C (°F)|
|Daily mean °C (°F)|
|Average low °C (°F)|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||131|
|Average relative humidity (%)||79.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||2,778.2|
The Maldives have a consistently warm, tropical climate with high humidity in the mostly calm Indian Ocean. The temperatures rarely fall below 25 degrees even at night. The climate in the Maldives is very similar to Kerala.
Characteristic for the climate are the southwest monsoon from May to October and the northeast monsoon from November to April. The southwest monsoon usually brings wind and more rainfall in June and July. The best travel time is the months January to April.
Each island used for tourism compulsorily operates its own waste incineration plant and its own seawater desalination plants. The needed current is only with Dieselgenerators. Metal and plastic waste of the capital Malé and some nearby islands are collected and deposited on the garbage island Thilafushi. The vast majority of islands "dump" their garbage in the sea. So there is no means to dispose of the waste oil of numerous boats or generators. The rubble of hotel buildings also lands mostly in the sea.
Conservation is on the Maldives in the Practice. Although there are laws for protection on paper, their compliance is not monitored and violations are not punished. For example, the built-up area of a resort may not exceed 20% of the island area. The practice looks very different, which is usually well visible to the visitor when approaching or departing. Neither the government checks nor the blueprints, nor sanctions for the usual corruption. The interest of the government is possible. Most new hotel islands are brought into the desired shape by "landscaping". This is done by dredging and sand pumping, which causes tremendous damage to the reefs. Private airports for individual resort chains, such as Maamingili in the South Ari Atoll, are also obtained by dumping the reef roof.
It is forbidden to catch sharks in the interior of the atoll. However, this is not monitored, so that the once mighty shark population of the Maldives has disappeared except for a few remnants. Sharks are not eaten, but caught for the export of fins to the Far East and thrown after cutting off the fins (so-called "shark finning") back into the sea, where they die agonizingly. Increasingly, reef fish such as red snapper and grouper are being fished for the world's luxury markets. Since these are true-to-life fish, their population is at risk. The decline in fish stocks is aided by the popular "night fishing" on all hotel islands. Turtles are also protected, but not the eggs, with the result that the Maldives hardly produce offspring of turtles.
In the late 1990s, the Maldivian government established large areas as a Marine National Park. No new tourist accommodation may be built in these areas. As old President Naesheed has agreed to build more resorts, the pressure on the already severely damaged nature continues to increase. Outside the national parks, however, people continue to use the blocks of coral reefs to build houses. In addition, the industrial exploitation of the reefs for land reclamation (extension airport, Hulumalé) continues to operate.
The island state, whose territory consists of more than 90% of water surfaces and whose land areas are usually no more than one meter above sea level, is severely threatened by climate change and the associated global sea-level rise. Consequently, the Maldivian government's climate protection is a major concern and Malé sent to virtually any climate change conference a delegation.
President Mohamed Nasheed has launched a program that is unique in the world. A certain percentage of the state budget should be used for the acquisition of a new country. Against the background of rising sea levels, the island state wants to acquire timely possible alternative land for its population. In conversation are parts of India, Sri Lanka or Australia.